NEVBD Publications

Changing Climate and Disease Risk

Habitat, Behavior, and Invasion Dynamics

Determining effects of winter weather conditions on adult Amblyomma americanum survival in Connecticut and Maine, USA Linske, MA, Williams SC, Stafford KC, Lubelczyk CB, Welch M, Henderson EF, Teel P. 2020. Insects. 11(1):13. DOI: 10.3390/insects11010013

Lone Star Tick Able to Survive Winters in the Northeast as Temperatures Rise

Impacts of deciduous leaf litter and snow presence on nymphal Ixodes scapularis overwintering survival in coastal New England, USA. Linske, MA, KC Stafford, SC Williams, CB Lubelczyk, M Welch, EF Henderson. 2019. Insects. 10(8):227. DOI: 10.3390/insects10080227

Climate impacts on blacklegged tick host-seeking behavior McClure M, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2019. International Journal for Parasitology. 49(1):37-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2018.08.005

Bracing for the worst: Will range expansion of the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum, alter the tick-borne disease landscape in the northeastern United States? Molaei GM, Little EAH, Williams SC, Stafford KC. 2019. New England Journal of Medicine. 381:2189-2192. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1911661

Transmission and Risk

Zika virus and temperature modulate Elizabethkingia anophelis in Aedes albopictus Onyango MG, Lange R, Bialosuknia S, Payne A, Mathias N, Kuo L, Vigneron A, Nag D, Kramer L, Ciota A. 2021. Parasites and Vectors. 14(1):573 (2021). DOI: 10.1186/s13071-021-05069-7

West Nile virus is predicted to be more geographically widespread in New York State and Connecticut under future climate change Keyel AC, Raghavendra A, Ciota AT, Elison Timm O. 2021. Global Change Biology. DOI:

Climate Change and West Nile Virus Spread in New York and Connecticut

Zika virus infection and temperature significantly impact Aedes albopictus gut microbiota Onyango MG, Bialosuknia SM, Payne AP, Mathias N, Kuo L, Kramer LD, Ciota AT. 2021. Scientific Reports. In press.

AeDES: A next-generation monitoring and forecasting system for environmental suitability for Aedes-borne disease transmission Muñoz AG, A, Chourio X, Riviere-Cinnamond A, Diuk-Wasser MA, Kache P, Mordecai E, Harrington LC, Thomson MC. 2020. Scientific Reports. 10:12640. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-69625-4

Increase in temperature enriches heat tolerant taxa in Aedes aegypti midguts Onyango MG, Bialosuknia SM, Payne AP, Mathias N, Kuo L, Kramer LD, Ciota AT. 2020. Scientific Reports. 10:19135. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-76188-x

Increased temperatures reduce the vectorial capacity of Aedes mosquitoes for Zika virus Onyango MG, Bialosuknia SM, Payne AP, Mathias N, Kuo L, Ciota AT, Kramer LD. 2020. Emerging Microbes. 9(1):67-77. DOI: 10.1080/22221751.2019.1707125

Rising Temperatures Reduce Aedes Mosquitoes’ Ability to Transmit Zika Virus

The role of temperature in transmission of zoonotic arboviruses Ciota AT, Keyel AC. 2019. Viruses. 11(11):1013. DOI: 10.3390/v11111013

Seasonal temperature and hydrological conditions improve the prediction of West Nile virus infection rates in Culex mosquitoes and human case counts in New York and Connecticut Keyel AC, Elison Timm I, Backenson PB, Prussing C, Quinones C, McDonough K, Vuille M, Conn JE, Armstrong PM, Andreadis TG, Kramer LD. 2019. PLOS ONE. 14:E0217854. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217854

Monitoring Trends & Predicting Spread: Ticks

Surveillance of Vectors and Pathogens

Rhipicephalus capensis (Acari: Ixodidae), A geographically restricted South African tick, returning with a human traveler to the United States Stafford III KC, Molaei G, Williams SC, Mertins JW. 2022. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. 13(3):101912. DOI: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2022.101912

Established Population of the Gulf Coast Tick, Amblyomma maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae), Infected with Rickettsia parkeri (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae), in Connecticut Molaei G, Little EAH, Khalil N, Ayres BN, Nicholson WL, Paddock CD. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjaa299. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjaa299

First hemispheric report of invasive tick species Haemaphysalis punctata, first state report of Haemaphysalis longicornis, and range expansion of native tick species in Rhode Island, USA Tufts DM, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2021. Parasites & Vectors. 14,394. DOI:

Enduring challenge of invasive ticks: Introduction of Amblyomma oblongoguttatum (Acari: Ixodidae) into the United States on a human traveler returning from Central America Molaei G, Mertins JW, and Stafford KC. 2020. Journal of Parasitology. 106(5):670-674. DOI: 10.1645/20-85

Prevalence of infection and co-infection and presence of Rickettsial endosymbionts in Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in Connecticut, USA Pokutnaya D, Molaei G, Weinberger D, Vossbrinck CR, Diaz AJ. 2020. Journal of Parasitology. 106(1):30-37. DOI: 10.1645/19-116

Active surveillance of pathogens from ticks collected in New York State suburban parks and schoolyards Yuan Q, Llanos-Soto SG, Gangloff-Kaufmann JG, Lampman JM, Frye MJ, Benedict MC, Tallmadge RL, Mitchell PK, et al. 2020. Zoonoses and Public Health. 67(6):684-696. DOI: 10.1111/zph.12749

First record of established populations of the invasive pathogen vector and ectoparasite Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae) in Connecticut, USA Molaei G, Little EAH, Williams SC, and Stafford KC. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab117. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab117

First report of the introduction of an exotic tick, Amblyomma coelebs (Acari: Ixodidae) feeding on a human traveler returning to the U.S. from Central America Molaei G, Karpathy SE, Andreadis TG. 2019. Journal of Parasitology. 105(4):571-5. DOI: 10.1645/19-74

First Appearance of A Foreign Tick (Amblyomma coelebs) in the U.S.

Multistate infestation with an exotic disease-vector tick Haemaphysalis longicornis Beard CB, Occi J, Bonilla D, Egizi A, Fonseca D, Mertins J, Backenson B, et al. 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 67(47);1310–1313. DOI: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6747a3

Distribution and Establishment of the Lone Star Tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.) (Acari: Ixodidae), in Connecticut and Implications for Range Expansion and Public Health Stafford KC, Molaei G, Little EAH, Paddock CD, Karpathy SE, Labonte AM. 2018. Journal of Medical Entomology. 55(6):1561-8. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjy115

Assessing Exposure Risk

Comment on Eisen and Eisen (2020) ‘Benefits and Drawbacks of Citizen Science to Complement Traditional Data Gathering Approaches for Medically Important Hard Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in the United States’ Regarding the Tick App and Research-Based Citizen Science Bron GM, Fernandez MP, Bartholomay LC, Diuk-Wasser MA, Paskewitz SM, Tsao JI. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjaa288. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjaa288

Context matters: Contrasting behavioral and residential risk factors for Lyme disease between high-incidence states in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States Bron GM, Fernandez MP, Larson SR, Maus A, Gustafson D, Tsao JI, Diuk-Wasser MA, Bartholomay LC, Paskewitz SM. 2020. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. 11(6):101515. DOI: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2020.101515

First recognized human bite in the United States by the Asian longhorned tick, Haemaphysialis longicornis Wormser GP, McKenna D, Piedmonte N, Vinci V, Egizi AM, Backenson B, Falco RC. 2020. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 70(2):314-16. DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciz449

Usability and Feasibility of a Smartphone App to Assess Human Behavioral Factors Associated with Tick Exposure (The TickApp): Quantitative and Qualitative Study Fernandez MP, Bron GM, Kache PA, Larson S, Maus A, Gustafson Jr D, Tsao JI, Bartholomay LC, Paskewitz SM, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2019. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 7(10):e14769. DOI: 10.2196/14769

Descriptive and Predictive Modeling

Socio-ecological drivers of multiple zoonotic hazards in highly urbanized cities Combs MA, Kache PA, VanAcker MC, Gregory N, Plimpton LD, Tufts DM, Fernandez MP, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2022. Global Change Biology. 28(5):1705-24. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.16033

A comparative spatial and climate analysis of human granulocytic anaplasmosis and human babesiosis in New York State (2013-2018) O’Connor C, Prusinski MA, Jiang S, Russell A, White J, Falco R. Kokas I, Vinci V, Gall W, Tober K, Haight J, Oliver J, Meehan L, Sporn L, Brisson D, Backenson PB. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab107. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab107

Current and future spatiotemporal patterns of Lyme disease reporting in the Northeastern United States Bisanzio D, Fernández MP, Martello E, Reithinger R, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2020. JAMA Network Open. 3(3):200319. DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0319

Spread of Lyme Disease Across the U.S.

Passive tick surveillance: exploring spatiotemporal associations of Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochaetales: Spirochaetaceae), Babesia microti (Piroplasmida:Babesiidae), and Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) Infection in Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). Little EAH, Molaei G. 2020. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 20(3):177-186. DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2019.2509

Predicting spatiotemporal patterns of Lyme disease incidence from passively collected surveillance data for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato-infected Ixodes scapularis ticks Little EAH, Anderson JF, Stafford III KC, Eisen L, Eisen RJ, Molaei G. 2019. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. 10(5):970-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2019.04.010

Enhancement of risk for Lyme disease by landscape connectivity, New York, New York, USA VanAcker MC, Little EAH, Molaei G, Waheed WI, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2019. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 25(6):1136-1143. DOI: 10.3201/eid2506.181741

Reconciling the entomological hazard and disease risk in the Lyme disease system McClure M, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2018. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15(5),1048. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15051048

Monitoring Trends & Predicting Spread: Mosquitoes

Surveillance of Vectors and Pathogens

Increased mosquito abundance and species richness in Connecticut, United States, 2001-2019 Petruff TA, McMillan JR, Shepard JJ, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM. 2020. Scientific Reports. 10:19287. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-76231-x

Twenty years of surveillance for Eastern equine encephalitis virus in mosquitoes in New York State from 1993 to 2012 Oliver J, Lukacik G, Kokas J, Campbell SR, Kramer LD, Sherwood JA, Howard JJ. 2018. Parasites & Vectors. 11:362. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-018-2950-1

Assessing Exposure Risk

Emerging epidemics of severe arboviral encephalitis: a single-state experience with four cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis in Connecticut Brown SC, Cormier J, Tuan J, Lier A, McGuone D, Armstrong P, Kaddouh F, Parikh S, Landry ML, Gobeske KT. 2021. Emerging Infectious Diseases. In Press.

West Nile virus mosquito vectors in North America Rochlin I, Faraji A, Healy K, Andreadis TG. 2019. Journal of Medical Entomology. 56(6):1475-90. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjz146

Mosquitoes that Spread West Nile Virus in the U.S.

Descriptive and Predictive Modeling

A proposed framework for the development and qualitative evaluation of West Nile virus models and their application to local public health decision-making Keyel AC, Gorris ME, Rochlin I, Uelmen JA, Chaves LF, Hamer GL, Moise IK, Shcoket M, Kilpatrick AM, DeFelice NB, Davis JK, Little E, Irwin P, Tyre AJ, Smith KH, Fredregill CL, Elison Timm O, Holcomb KM, Winberly MC, Ward MJ, Smith RL. 2021. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 15(9):e0009653. DOI:

Environmental determinants of Aedes albopictus abundance at a northern limit of its range in the United States Kache P, Eastwood G, Collins-Palmer K, Katz M, Falco R, Bajwa W, Armstrong P, Andreadis T, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2020. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. 102(2):436-47. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0244

Patterns of mosquito and arbovirus community composition and ecological indexes of arboviral risk in the northeastern United States McMillan JR, Andreadis TG, Armstrong P. 2020. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 14(2):e0008066. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008066

Spatial and temporal expansions of Eastern equine encephalitis virus and phylogenetic groups isolated from mosquitoes and mammalian cases in New York State from 2013 to 2019 Oliver J, Tan Y, Haight JD, Tobere KJ, Gall WK, Zink SD, Kramer LD, Campbell SR, Howard JJ, Das SR, Sherwood JA. 2020. Emerging Microbes & Infections. 9(1):1638-50. DOI: 10.1080/22221751.2020.1774426

Vector Competence and Genetic Diversity

Vector Competence

Saliva collection via capillary method may underestimate arboviral transmission by mosquitoes Gloria-Soria A, Brackney DE, Armstrong PM. 2022. Parasites & Vectors. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-022-05198-7

Aedes albopictus and Cache Valley virus: a new threat for virus transmission in New York State Dieme C, Maffei JG, Diarra M, Koetzner CA, Kuo L, Ngo KA, Dupuis AP, Zink SD, Backenson PB, Kramder LD, Ciota AT. 2022. Emerging Microbes & Infections. DOI: 10.1080/22221751.2022.2044733

Role of Anopheles mosquitoes in Cache Valley virus lineage displacement, New York, USA Dieme C, Ngo KA, Tyler S, Maffei JG, Zink SD, Dupuis AP, Koetzner CA, Shultis C, Stout J, Payne AF, Backenson PB, Kuo L, Drebot MA, Ciota AT, Kramer LD. 2022. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 28(2):303-13. DOI: 10.3201/eid2802.203810

Vector competence of human-biting ticks Ixodes scapularis, Amblyomma americanum and Dermacentor variabilis for Powassan virus Sharma R, Cozens DW, Armstrong PM, Brackney DE. 2021. Parasites and Vectors. 14(1):466. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-021-04974-1

Which Ticks Spread Powassan Virus?

Successive blood meals enhance virus dissemination within mosquitoes and increase transmission potential Armstrong PM, Ehrlich H, Magalhaes T, Conway PJ, Bransfield A, Misencik M, Gloria-Soria A, Warren JL, Andreadis TG, Shepard JJ, Foy BD, Pitzer VE, and Brackney DE. 2020. Nature Microbiology. 5(2):239-247. DOI: 10.1038/s41564-019-0619-y

Multiple Blood Meals Boost Mosquitoes’ Disease Transmission Potential

Transmission potential of Mayaro virus by Aedes albopictus, and Anopheles quadrimaculatus from the USA Dieme C, Kramer LD, Ciota AT. 2020. Parasites & Vectors. 13:613. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-020-04478-4

The impact of autophagy on arbovirus infection of mosquito cells Brackney DE, Correa MA, Cozens DW. 2020. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 14(5):e0007754. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007754

Vector competence of Aedes albopictus populations from the northeastern USA for chikungunya, dengue, and Zika viruses Gloria-Soria A, Payne AF, Bialosuknia SM, Stout J, Mathias N, Eastwood G, Ciota AT, Kramer LD, Armstrong PM. 2020. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. 104(3):1123–1130. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0874

The Asian Tiger Mosquito’s Ability to Spread Chikunguyna, Dengue, and Zika Viruses in the Northeast USA

Reversion to ancestral Zika virus NS1 residues increases competence of Ae. albopictus Kuo L, Jaeger AS, Banker EM, Bialosuknia SM, Mathias N, Payne AF, Kramer LD, Aliota MT, Ciota AT. 2020. PLOS Pathogens. 16(10):e1008951. DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008951

Zika virus infection results in biochemical changes associated with RNA editing, inflammatory and antiviral responses in Aedes albopictus Onyango MG, Attardo GM, Taylor Kelly R, Bialosuknia SM, Stout J, Banker E, Kuo L, Ciota AT, Kramer LD. 2020. Frontiers in Microbiology. 11:559035. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.559035

The vector-host-pathogen interface: the next frontier in the battle against mosquito-borne viral diseases? Onyango MG, Ciota AT, Kramer LD. 2020. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. 10:564518. DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2020.564518

Analysis of salivary glands and saliva from Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti infected with chikungunya viruses Sanchez I, Harrington LC, Black IV WC and K.E. Olson. 2019. Insects. 10(2):39. DOI: 10.3390/insects10020039

Effects of Zika virus strain and Aedes mosquito species on vector competence Ciota AT, Bialosuknia SM, Zink SD, Brecher M, Ehrbar DJ, Morrissette MN, et al. 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 23(7):1110-1117. DOI: 10.3201/eid2307.161633

Phylogeny and Genetic Diversity

Adaptive evolution of West Nile virus facilitated increased transmissibility and prevalence in New York State Bialosuknia SM, Dupuis AP, Zink SD, Koetzner CA, Maffei JG, Owen JC, Landwerlen H, Kramer LD, Ciota AT. 2022. Emerging Microbes & Infections. DOI: 10.1080/22221751.2022.2056521

Local persistence of novel regional variants of La Crosse virus in the Northeast USA Eastwood G, Shepard JJ, Misencik MJ, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM. 2020. Parasites & Vectors. 13:569. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-020-04440-4

La Crosse Virus in the Northeast USA

Genetic evidence for the origin of Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, in the southwestern Indian Ocean Soghigian J, Gloria-Soria A, Robert V, Le Goff G, Failloux, AB, Powell JR. 2020. Molecular Ecology. 29:3593-3606. DOI: 10.1111/mec.15590

Evolutionary dynamics and molecular epidemiology of West Nile virus in New York State: 1999-2015 Bialosuknia SM, Tan Y, Zink SD, Koetzner CA, Maffei JG, Halpin RA, Shrivastava S, Fedorova NB, Amedeo P, Stockwell TB, Sahman RS, Das SR, Pickett B, Kramer LD, Ciota AT. 2019. Virus Evolution. 5(2):vez035. DOI: 10.1093/ve/vez035

Genetic diversity of laboratory strains and implications for research: The case of Aedes aegypti Gloria-Soria A, Soghigian J, Kellner D, Powell JR. 2019. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 13(12):e0007930. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007930

Population genomics of Culiseta melanura, the principal vector of Eastern equine encephalitis virus in the United States Soghigian J, Andreadis TG, Molaei G. 2018. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 12(8):e0006698. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006698

Vector Biology, Behavior, and Ecology

Vector Biology and Behavior

Zika virus infects Aedes aegypti ovaries Nag DK, Payne AF, Dieme C, Ciota AT, Kramer LD. 2022. Virology. 561:58-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2021.06.002

RNA-Seq analysis of blood meal induced gene-expression changes in Aedes aegypti ovaries Nag DK, Dieme C, Lapierre P, Lasek-Nesselquist E, Kramer LD. 2022. BMC Genomics. 22:396. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-021-07551-z

Applications of artificial membrane feeding for Ixodid ticks Gonzalez J, Bickerton M, Toledo A. 2021. Acta Tropica. 215:105818. DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105818

Understanding and interpreting mosquito blood feeding studies: the case of Aedes albopictus Fikrig K, Harrington LC. 2021. Trends in Parasitology. 37(11):959-75. DOI:

Limited influence of the gut microbiome on the transcriptional profile of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes Hyde J, Correa MA, Hughes GL, Steven B, and Brackney DE. 2020. Scientific Reports. 10(1):1-12. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67811-y

A seven-legged tick: report of a morphological anomaly in Ixodes scapularis (Ixodidae: Acari) biting a human host from the northeastern United States Molaei G, Little EAH, Stafford KC, Gaff H. 2020. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. 11(1):101304. DOI: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2019.101304

A case of morphological anomalies in Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) collected from nature Molaei G, Little EAH. 2020. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 81(2):279-285. DOI: 10.1007/s10493-020-00510-5

Seasonal activity of Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae) in southern New York State Piedmonte NP, Vinci VC, Daniels TJ, Backenson BP, Falco RC. 2020. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjaa203. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjaa203

Generation of axenic Aedes aegypti demonstrate live bacteria are not required for mosquito development Corres MA, Matusovsky B, Brackney DE, Steven B. 2018. Nature Communications. 9:4464. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07014-2

Hosts, Habitat, and Ecology

Spatiotemporal distribution, abundance, and host interactions of two invasive vectors of arboviruses, Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus, in Pennsylvania, USA Little EAH, Hutchinson ML, Price KJ, Marini A, Shepard JJ, Molaei G. 2022. Parasites & Vectors. 15(36). DOI: 10.1186/s13071-022-05151-8

The effects of host availability and fitness on Aedes albopictus blood feeding patterns in New York Fikrig K, Martin E, Dang S, St. Fleur K, Goldsmith H, Qu S, Rosenthal H, Pitcher S, Harrington LC. 2022. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 106(1):320-31. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.21-0157

Impact of land use changes and habitat fragmentation in the eco-epidemiology of tick-borne diseases Diuk-Wasser MA, VanAcker MC, Fernandez MP. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. 58(4):1546-64. DOI:

Host associations of Culex pipiens: A two-year analysis of bloodmeal sources and implications for arboviral transmission in Southeastern Virginia Khalil N, Little EAH, Akaratovic KI, Kiser JP, Abadam CF, Yuan KJ, Misencik MJ, Armstrong PA, Molaei. 2021. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 21(12):961-72. DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2021.0069

Host tropism determination by convergent evolution of immunological evasion in the Lyme disease system Hart TM, Dupuis AP, Tufts DM, Blom AM, Starkey SR, Rego ROM, Ram S, Kraiczy P, Kramer LD, Diuk-Wasser MA, Kolokotronis SO, Link YP. 2021. PLoS Pathogens. 17(7):e1009801. DOI:

Host interactions of Aedes albopictus, an invasive vector of arboviruses, in Virginia, USA Little EAH, Harriot OT, Akaratovic KI, Kiser JP, Abadam CF, Shepard JJ, Molaei G. 2021. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009173

What Do Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes Feed On?

Effect of vegetation on the abundance of tick vectors in the United States: A review of the literature Mathisson DC, Kross SM, Palmer MI, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab098. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab098

Ecology and epidemiology of Eastern equine encephalitis in the Northeastern US: a historical perspective Armstrong PM, Andreadis TG. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab077. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab077

Multiple pruritic tick bites by Asian longhorned tick larvae (Haemaphysalis longicornis) Bickerton M, Toledo A. 2020. International Journal of Acarology. 46(5):373-376. DOI: 10.1080/01647954.2020.1805004

First Human Bites from Invasive Asian Longhorned Tick Larvae in the US

Sugar feeding patterns of New York Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are affected by saturation deficit, flowers, and host seeking Fikrig K, Peck S, Deckerman P, Dang S, St. Fleur K, Goldsmith H, Qu S, Rosenthal H, Harrington LC. 2020. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 14(10):e0008244. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008244

Sugar Feeding Behavior of Asian Tiger Mosquitoes in New York

Aversion of the invasive Asian longhorned tick to the white‐footed mouse, the dominant reservoir of tick‐borne pathogens in the U.S.A. Ronai I, Tufts DM, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2020. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. DOI: 10.1111/mve.12441

Association of the invasive Haemaphysalis longicornis tick with vertebrate hosts, other native tick vectors, and tick-borne pathogens in New York City Tufts DM, Goodman LB, Benedict MC, Davis AD, VanAcker MC, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2020. International Journal for Parasitology. 51(2-3):149-157. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2020.08.008

The Asian Longhorned Tick in the US: Hosts and Disease-Causing Bacteria Interactions

Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) on an Invasive Edge: Abundance, Spatial Distribution, and Habitat Usage of Larvae and Pupae Across Urban and Socioeconomic Environmental Gradients Shragai T, Harrington LC. 2019. Journal of Medical Entomology. 56(2):472-82. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjy209

Distribution, host-seeking phenology, and host and habitat associations of Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks, Staten Island, New York, USA Tufts DM, VanAcker MC, Fernandez MP, DeNicola A, Egizi A, Diuk-Wasser MA. 2019. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 25(4):792–796. DOI: 10.3201/eid2504.181541

Novel Tools for Surveillance and Control

Mosquito Surveillance and Control

Effectiveness of a buffalo turbine and A1 mist sprayer for the areawide deployment of larvicide for mosquito control in an urban residential setting Burtis JC, Bickerton MW, Idelicato N, Poggi JD, Crans SC, Harrington LC. 2022. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjac017. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjac017

Evaluation of a methoprene aerial application for the control of Culiseta melanura (Diptera: Culicidae) in cryptic wetland habitats Burtis JC, Poggi JD, Duval TB, Bidlack E, Shepard JJ, Matton P, Rossetti R, Harrington LC. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab108. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab108

The community-wide efficacy of larval control in catch basins for West Nile virus risk reduction in Connecticut, United States McMillan JR, Harden CA, Burtis JC, Breban M, Shepard JJ, Petruff TA, Misencik MJ, Bransfield AB, Poggi JD, Harrington LC, Andreadis TG, Armstrong PM. 2021. Pest Management Science. DOI: 10.1002/ps.6559

NEVBD pesticide resistance monitoring network: establishing a centralized network to increase regional capacity for pesticide resistance detection and monitoring Burtis JC, Poggi JD, McMillan JR, Crans SC, Campbell SR, Isenberg A, Pulver J, White K, Zondag C, et al. 2020. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjaa236. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjaa236

Evaluation of unmanned aerial vehicles and neural networks for integrated mosquito management of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Case E, Shragai T, Morreale SJ, Harrington LC, Erickson D. 2020. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjaa078. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjaa078

Evaluation of novel trapping lures for monitoring exotic and native container-breeding Aedes spp. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes Eastwood G, Donnellycolt AK, Shepard JJ, Misencik MJ, Bedoukian R, Cole L, Armstrong PM, Andreadis TG. 2020. Journal of Medical Entomology. 57(2):534-541. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjz200

2019 Pesticide Use and Resistance Monitoring in the Northeastern United States Poggi J, Burtis J, Mader EM, Harrington LC. 30 April 2020. NEVBD ReportsAvailable at:

Tick Surveillance and Control

A life stage-targeted acaricide application approach for the control of Haemaphysalis longicornis Bickerton M, McSorley K, Toledo A. 2021. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. 12(1):101581. DOI: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2020.101581

The susceptibility to permethrin of Ixodes scapularis collected from a long-term 4-poster treatment area on Shelter Island, NY Burtis JC, Poggi JD, Payne B, Campbell SR, Harrington LC. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology. tjab054. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab054

Optimal collection methods for the newly introduced, invasive Asian longhorned tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis (Ixodida: Ixodidae) in the Northeast US Sherpa P, Piedmonte N, Wunderlin K, Harrington L, Falco RC. 2021. Journal of Medical Entomology tjab083. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjab083

Public Health Workforce Capacity & Support

A review of vector-borne disease communication resources in the Northeastern USA Deckerman P, Cardona A, Dolan B, Varanasi S, Mader E. 2021. Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. Report. Available at:

Primary care clinical provider knowledge and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of tick-borne illness: a qualitative assessment from a Lyme disease endemic community Mattoon S, Baumhart C, Barsallo Cochez AC, MacQueen D, Snedeker J, Yancey CB, Gatch M, Mader EM. 2021. BMC Infectious Diseases. 21, 894. DOI:

Experience and knowledge in Lyme disease: A scoping review of patient-provider communication Nesgos A, Harrington LC, Mader EM. 2021. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. 12(4):101714. DOI: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2021.101714

A survey of tick surveillance and control practices in the United States Mader EM, Ganser C, Geiger A, Harrington LC, Foley J, Smith R, Mateus-Pinilla N, Teel P, Eisen R. 2020. Journal of Medial Entomology. 58(4):1503–1512. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tjaa094

Vector Biology Boot Camp workplace impact assessment from program attendees: 2018-2019 Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 11 November 2020. NEVBD Reports. Available at:

Tick surveillance and control: summary of program operations for Northeast states Mader E, Geiger A, Harrington L. 2 May 2019. NEVBD Reports. Available at:

Intruder Alert: Longhorned tick – What you need to know about the invasive tick Haemaphysialis longicornis Burtis J, Egizi A, Occi J, Mader EM, Stafford K, and Harrington LC. 2018. Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. Technical Report. Available at:

An egg identification guide for differentiating invasive Asian Tiger mosquitoes from native species in the Northeast region Shragai T, Mader E, Harrington LC. 2018. Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. Technical Report. Available at:

Vector-borne disease surveillance and control training needs assessment Mader EM, Frye M, Meredith G, Kramer L, Armstrong P, Diuk-Wasser M, Daniels T, Fonseca D, Backenson PB, Andreadis T, Harrington LC. August 2017. NEVBD Reports. Available at:

Outreach and Education

Ticks Mosquitoes

Insect Repellent Essentials: A Brief Guide Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2019. Available at:

Repelentes de insectos: guía breve Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2020. Available at:

Life Cycle of the Blackegged Tick Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2019. Available at:

Ciclo vital de la garrapata de patas negras Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2021. Available at:

What Your Need to Know About EEE Virus in the Northeast Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2021. Available at:

What is Powassan Virus? Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2021. Available at:

The Asian Longhorned Tick: How to Protect Your Livestock and Farm Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2021. Available at:

La garrapata asiática de cuernos largos: Cómo proteger su ganado y granja Northeast Regional Center for Excellence in Vector-Borne Diseases. 2021. Available at:

NEVBD Digest Newsletters